Shocking Facts about Nigeria that Most People Do NOT Know.
On Tuesday, September 12th, the National Bureau of Statistics stated that Nigeria has officially stepped out of its 15-month recession with a 0.55% year-on-year GDP. This is nothing to cheer about. Why? Well, take a look at the shocking facts about Nigeria that most people ignore or just don’t know.
Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land.
Population – distribution: Nigeria is the Largest population of any African nation. Most of the population are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest.
Environment – current issues:
Soil degradation, rapid deforestation, urban air and water pollution, desertification, and oil pollution. The pollution includes water, air, and soil pollutions. The environment has suffered serious damage from oil spills, loss of arable land, and rapid urbanization.
Land use: agricultural land: 78%, Forest, and other. Nigeria’s land comparison to the world: 33. This is more than twice the size of California.
Population: 190,632,261 (In comparison, California’s population is 39.5 million).
Population Issues: the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, and lower population growth rates.
Nigeria, Africa’s most populated country, is made up of more than 250 ethnic groups; the most popular and politically influential are: Hausa and the Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
Languages: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 more indigenous languages
Religions: Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, and indigenous beliefs 10%.
Economy: over 62% of Nigeria’s 170 million people still live in extreme poverty.
general assessment: further expansion and modernization of the fixed-line telephone network is needed; network quality remains a problem.
Fixed lines: 154,513
Mobile Cellular: 154,342,168
Internet users: total: 47,759,904
Percent of population: 25.7% (July 2016 est.)
population without electricity: 95,500,000
National air transport system:
Number of registered air carriers: 16
Airports – total with paved runways: 40
Airports – with unpaved runways: 14
Total Airports: 54
Country comparison to the world: 88
0.43% of GDP (2016)
0.42% of GDP (2015)
Illicit drugs: Nigeria is a transit point for heroin and cocaine intended for European, East Asian, and North American markets and consumers of amphetamines. Also, it is a safe haven for Nigerian narco-traffickers operating worldwide; let’s not forget about the its major money-laundering center, massive corruption, and criminal activity. Nigeria has improved some anti-money-laundering controls, resulting in its removal from the Financial Action Task Force’s (FATF’s) Noncooperative Countries and Territories List in June 2006; Nigeria’s anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF.
Legal/Judiciary: The judiciary has some independence but is hobbled by political interference, corruption, and a lack of funding. Protection of property rights is weak. Corruption is rarely investigated or prosecuted, and impunity remains widespread at all levels of government.
In light of the resources, capabilities, and gifts that Nigerians have, it is disheartening to see these facts about Nigeria above. Much work needs to be done! However, it is not impossible. What’s Next Nigerian is a featured series on infoNubia seeking to bring awareness to the national and transnational issues overlooked in Nigeria. WNN is a collaborative effort. Our goal is to bring hope and solutions to these issues: education, healthcare, energy, legal, economy, safety, and others.
If you would like to help, please contact us at: [email protected]